Examination is initiated by the Patent Office by issuance of an Official Communication under Section 18 of the Israel Patent Law (about 1-3 years after filing). Under special circumstances it is possible to request Expedited Examination, e.g. likelihood of infringement, advanced age or applicant’s medical condition, public interest, ‘green technology’ patent applications etc. It is also possible to expedite examination by filing, prior to issuance of Section 18 communication, the response to the International (PCT) Search Report or IPRP. Another option for requesting Expedited Examination is via the Patent Prosecution Highway procedure. Israel is part of the Global Patent Prosecution Highway (“GPPH”) program in addition to having bilateral PPH agreements with several other Patent Offices. Thus, the GPPH and PPH programs may be based on allowed/granted claims in the following jurisdictions: Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Denmark, Estonia, European Patent Office, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Japan, Korea, Nordic Patent Institute, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and the USA. Furthermore, Israel has an Accelerated Acceptance procedure under Section 17(c) of the Patent Law. Under this law at present an Israel Patent Application may be granted based on an issued Patent in the following jurisdictions: Australia, Austria; Canada; Denmark; Germany; Japan; Norway; Russian Federation; Sweden; United States; United Kingdom; European Patent Office. Effectively, this procedure is carried out by amending the claims of the Israel Application to conform exactly to those of the corresponding issued Patent. Note that it is now possible to base the request for Accelerated Acceptance on more than one issued Patent, as long as the claims shall not be subject to a lack of unity rejection. If the request for procedure under Section 17(c) is granted, it could result in the acceleration of the acceptance of the Israeli patent. Caution should be exercised when deciding on requesting Accelerated Acceptance. Please consult at the Patent Attorney assigned to this case, should you require any further information.